The Honorable Marcus M. Garvey, Revolutionist and Black Nationalist

On This Day In TCXPI History

The Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., Publisher, Entrepreneur, Orator Revolutionist and Black Nationalist

Marcus M. Garvey, Jr. was born August 17, 1887 in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. 

On August 1, 1914, he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, “to unite all people of African ancestry of the world to one great body to establish a country and absolute government of their own.” 

Marcus M. Garvey, Jr. moved to New York City in 1916 and founded the Negro World newspaper. 

In June, 1923, Marcus M. Garvey, Jr. was unjustly convicted of mail fraud and sentenced to five years in prison. That sentence was commuted by President Calvin Coolidge and Marcus Garvey was released in November, 1927 and deported to Jamaica where he transitioned June 10, 1940. He is  interred at a shrine in National Heroes Park. 

There are memorials to Marcus Garvey around the world, including statues and streets and schools named after him in Jamaica, Trinidad, the United States, Canada, Kenya, Nigeria, and the United Kingdom. 

A number of books have been published about Marcus Garvey and his movement, including “Black Power and the Garvey Movement” (1971), “Marcus Garvey: Anti-Colonial Champion” (1988), and “Negro With a Hat: The Rise and Fall of Marcus Garvey and his Dream of Mother Africa” (2008). Garvey’s name is enshrined in the Ring of Genealogy at the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History in Detroit, Michigan.

The Wright Museum Blog
(Accessed on 06/10/2015)(Link no longer accessible.)

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