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On This Day In TCXPI History - November 2014

The First Black Woman To: Obtain a Ph.D. in Economics in the U.S.(Univ. Of Penn, 1921); Graduate from University Of Pennsylvania Law School (1924); Be Admitted To the Pennsylvania Bar (1927) and; Hold A National Office In The National Bar Association (1943).
Menelik II was crowned Negusa-Nagast (King of Kings) of Abyssinia, Ethiopia. Menelik II devoted much of his time to the building of railroads, schools, hospitals and industries. Menelik II is probably most known for leading his country to victory over the Italian forces who sought to colonize his country in 1896. 

Orchestra Conductor, who in 1931, when early pursuits of conducting engagements were stifled by racial bias, Charles Dean Dixon formed his own orchestra and choral society. 

Historian and Pan-African Activist, who is best known for his study of the post-Reconstruction period of the United States.

Journalist and Civil Rights Leader, who guided and advised the nine students, known as the Little Rock Nine, when they attempted to enroll at Little Rock Central High School in 1957. 

Playwright, who became the First African American playwright to have a non-musical production on Broadway with “The Chip Woman’s Fortune.” 

The First Tenured African American Professor of Law at Harvard University and the originator of Critical Race Theory

Hall Of Fame Boxer, and the winner of the Gold medal in the heavyweight boxing division at the 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games, and winner of the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship in 1970.

The Mayibuye Resistance that took place on, November 8, 1952 at Number Two location in Galeshew, was as a result of the culmination of the Defiance Campaign which started in 1952.
The campaign was meant to protest against unjust laws used by the apartheid regime to oppress black people in South Africa. 

South African Singer and Activist, who is affectionately known as 'Mama Africa' or the 'Empress of African Song', Makeba's music transcended South African borders and entered the global stage.


Singer and Actress, who was cast as the lead in “Carmen Jones” which was a commercial success and resulted in her being nominated for the 1955 Academy Award for Best Actress. She was the Third African American to be nominated for an Academy Award and the First in the Best Actress category. She also appeared in “Island in the Sun” (1957) and “Porgy and Bess” (1959). 


Congolese Politician, who 
Jazz and Classical Flutist and Saxophonist, who nominated for three Grammy Awards and in 2011 was designated a NEA Jazz Master, the highest honor the nation bestows on a jazz artist, by the National Endowment for the Arts. 
A Veteran Of The War In The Peculiar Institution Of Enslavement. Rebellion Leader, was executed by hanging in Jerusalem, Virginia after initiating a rebellion of enslaved and free black people, November 11, 1831. 

November 12, 1896 - Moses Williams, a Buffalo Soldier, received the Congressional Medal of Honor, America’s highest military decoration, for his actions during an engagement in the foothills of the Cuchillo Negro Mountains in New Mexico during the Indian Wars. 

The First African American to have a Navy ship named in his honor. 

Hall Of Fame Figure Skater and Coach, who was not allowed to join skating clubs because of her race. She would found a skating club and coach many future champions, including Scott Hamilton, Tai Babilonia, Randy Gardner, Kristi Yamaguchi, and Tiffany Chin.

Educator, Author, and Political Leader, who would found and be appointed the first leader of Tuskegee Institute which he headed for the rest of his life. 

The First Black Person Elected To Represent Virginia In Congress.

Political Activist and One of the First Users of the Term “Black Power,”. 

A prominent Igbo (Ibo) writer, famous for his novels describing the effects of Western customs and values on traditional African society. 

The First Black College Student To Be Murdered In The Civil Rights Movement.

Lawyer, Judge, Educator, And Civil Rights Advocate, who advocated for the equal treatment of African Americans in the US Army.

The aim of this celebration was to make the public aware of the pivotal role statistics play, not only in economic and social spheres, but in all aspects of life. 

Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Although his commanding officer recommended him for the Medal of Honor on November 20, 1944, it was not until January 13, 1997 that President William Clinton presented the medal to Ruben Rivers’ family. This was indicative of the lack of recognition afforded to African American soldiers who served during World War II

Hall Of Fame Abolitionist and Women’s Rights Activist, who helped recruit black soldiers for the Union Army and later met with Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. 

In 1678, Zumbi became the leader of Palmares and for the next seventeen years led the fight for the independence of Palmares, a self-sustaining republic of Maroons who had escaped from the Portuguese settlements in Brazil. On November 20, 1695 was beheaded by the Portuguese.

Poet, Artist, Educator, Cultural Leader, and Founder of the DuSable Museum of African American History, Chicago, IL. 

Historian, Researcher, and Author, who in 1922, moved to the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History as a research associate and began researching the role of African Americans in the South during Reconstruction.

African American Orator, Dramatist, and Organizer, the first African American woman employed by the Office of the Recorder of Deeds in D.C. 

Mayor For Life. Four time elected Mayor of Washington, D.C

Lawyer, Civil Rights Activist, and Political and Business Leader, who served in the New York State Assembly where he was instrumental in getting funding to establish the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. From 1966 to 1977, he served as Manhattan borough president

Newspaper Publisher, who became vice president and general manager of The Robert S. Abbott Publishing Company which published the Chicago Defender, the First African American daily newspaper in the US.

the First and Only African American Mayor of Chicago, Illinois

World Champion Cyclist, who entered his first professional race in Madison Square Garden and won. Over his career, he raced in the United States, Australia, and Europe, including winning the world one mile track cycling championship in 1899 and becoming known as “The Black Cyclone.” 

Hall Of Fame Guitarist, Singer, and Songwriter, who formed , The Jimi Hendrix Experience In 1966 and enjoyed immediate success in Europe, but did not achieve fame in the United States until their 1967 performance at the Monterey Pop Festival.

Author,who in 1940,  was selected by the Book of the Month Club as its first book by an African American writer. The novel was entitled, "Native Son".  
Former President of Liberia, who was the first African head of state to be invited to the White House. 

Hall Of Fame Educator and Politician, and the First African American woman elected to Congress


Novelist, Playwrit, Poet, Essayist, and Civil Rights Activist, who as an openly gay man, he became increasingly outspoken in condemning discrimination against lesbian and gay people.